Many families go out to dinner on Mother’s Day. However, a home cooked dinner is a better way of honoring the greatest mother in the land-yours!. Let spring produce and warmer weather influence your menu decisions.
A Mother’s Day Menu
- 16 each Red and Green Grapes
- 8 ounces Sharp Cheddar cheese
- 8 ounces Monterey Jack cheese
- 8 each Strawberries
- 8 each Wooden Skewers
Cut strawberries in half. If they are extra large you may want to cut them in quarters.
Cut cheese into 1 inch cubes
Thread each skewer with the grapes, cheeses and strawberries alternating between the ingredients.
Pear and Cranberry Bellini
- 1 cup pear nectar
- 1 cup cranberry juice cocktail
- 1 bottle Prosecco or other dry sparkling white wine
In a small pitcher or large liquid measuring cup, combine pear nectar and cranberry juice cocktail.
Pour 1/4 cup juice mixture into each of eight champagne glasses. Dividing evenly, top with Prosecco or other dry sparkling white wine.
Spring Asparagus and Broccoli Soup
- 6 1/2 cups low-sodium chicken or vegetable broth, divided
- 1 large leek, white and light green parts only, sliced
- 1 garlic clove, minced
- 2 medium Yukon Gold potatoes, peeled and cut into 1-inch pieces
- 1 teaspoon salt
- 1/2 teaspoon pepper
- 1 (1-pound) bunch asparagus, woody stems snapped off and discarded; spears cut into 1-inch pieces
- 2 cups coarsely chopped broccoli florets
- 2 tablespoons chopped fresh chives
Heat 1/2 cup of broth in a large pot over medium-high heat. Reduce heat to medium, add leek and garlic and cook, stirring often, until tender, about 6 minutes. Add remaining broth, salt, pepper and potatoes and bring to a boil. Stir in asparagus and broccoli and return to a boil. Reduce heat to medium-low and simmer gently until vegetables are tender, 15 to 20 minutes. Remove pot from heat and set aside to let cool slightly.
Puree soup with an immersion blender or carefully transfer soup to a blender and purée in batches until smooth. Ladle soup into bowls and garnish with chives.
Roasted Chicken with Warm Tuscan Bread Salad
- Two 3 1/2-pound chickens—cut in half, backbones discarded
- Kosher salt
- Freshly ground pepper
- 1/4 cup plus 1 tablespoon extra-virgin olive oil
- 2 tablespoons unsalted butter, cut into 8 cubes
- 4 thyme sprigs
- 4 small rosemary sprigs
- 4 unpeeled garlic cloves
- 4 oz crusty Italian bread, such as ciabatta, torn into 1-inch pieces
- 1 fennel bulb, cut through the core into 1/2-inch wedges
- 4 scallions, cut into 2-inch lengths
- 2 tablespoons sage leaves
- Romaine lettuce torn into bite-size pieces, about 6 cups
- 4 anchovy fillets, cut into 1/2-inch pieces
- 3/4 tablespoon capers, rinsed and chopped
- 2 ½ tablespoons cider vinegar
- 1/2 cup shaved Parmigiano-Reggiano cheese
On a work surface, cut the wings off of the chickens at the second joint, leaving the rest of the wing attached to the breasts.
Season the chickens liberally with salt and pepper and arrange skin side up on two rimmed baking sheets. Cover with plastic wrap and refrigerate for 4 hours.
Remove the chicken from the refrigerator and drizzle 2 tablespoons of the olive oil over the chickens and top each half with 2 cubes of the butter.
Scatter the thyme, rosemary and garlic over the chickens; let them return to room temperature.
Preheat the oven to 400°F.
On a large rimmed baking sheet, toss the bread with 2 tablespoons of the olive oil and season with salt and pepper. Bake for about 10 minutes, until golden but still slightly chewy.
Increase the oven temperature to 425°F.
Fit the fennel, scallions and sage around the chicken on the baking pans. Roast in the upper and lower thirds of the oven for 40 to 45 minutes, until an instant-read thermometer inserted into a thigh registers 165°F; switch the pans halfway through roasting. Let rest for 10 minutes.
In a bowl, toss the bread with the roasted vegetables, romaine, anchovies, capers, vinegar and the remaining 1 tablespoon of olive oil. Fold in 1/4 cup of the cheese shavings and season the bread salad with salt and pepper to taste.
Transfer the bread salad to a platter and scatter the remaining 1/4 cup of cheese shavings on top. Cut the chicken into serving pieces and arrange on top of the salad.
Lemon Cheesecake with Blueberry Sauce
- 1/2 cup graham cracker crumbs
- 1/4 cup butter (melted)
- 16 oz lower fat cream cheese (2 packages, room temperature)
- 1 cup low-fat plain yogurt
- 1/2 cup sugar
- 3 eggs (room temperature)
- 1 lemon (juiced and zested), reserve 1/4 teaspoon of zest for sauce
- 2 cups blueberries
- 1/4 cup sugar
- 2 tablespoons water
- 1/4 teaspoon lemon zest
Cook blueberry sauce ingredients in a small saucepan on medium heat about 4 minutes stirring occasionally; cool. Refrigerate until ready to serve.
For the crust:
Mix the graham cracker crumbs and melted butter together.
Press the mixture onto the bottom of an ungreased 8 or 9-inch springform pan and chill.
Preheat the oven to 300°F.
In a food processor fitted with a steel blade, cream together the cream cheese and sugar.
Add the eggs, yogurt, lemon juice and zest and mix until combined.
Spoon the mixture into the crust.
Place the cheesecake on the middle rack of the oven.
Add a pan of water on the lower rack.
Bake for 50 to 60 minutes being careful not to open the oven while the cheesecake is baking.
Turn off the oven and allow the cheesecake to cool for 30 minutes in the oven with the door slightly ajar.
Remove the cheesecake and continue to cool on a wire rack. Refrigerate, covered, overnight.
Serve slices of cheesecake with the blueberry sauce.
A Mother’s Love…
How precious is the love
of a mother’s heart!
Even as a child… It’s there from the start.
A mother’s love knows
no boundary or limit.
It’s often shown by how
much the mother gives it!
Whether her children are
young or growing old…
And whatever circumstances
in life may unfold…
Her love is continually
a solid foundation…
That can’t be removed, torn or shaken.
Her love is what is
a “guiding force…”
Even if her children’s lives
stray “off course.”
I’m thankful for the love
my mother’s given…
It’s surely influenced
the way I’ve been livin’!
To all of our mothers across
our great nation…
May we show them our love
Their love has stood and
endured the test of time…
I’m so glad that one of them is MINE!
By Jim Pemberton
The sky is bright, the days are long and the weather warm: think Iced tea! Now, with so many delicious loose-leaf tea varieties, you can really experiment to make easy, delicious and, most importantly, healthy iced tea for you and your family to enjoy. Here are some combinations to add some excitement to your cold tea.
Iced Tea Preparation Tips
Here are some guidelines for making iced tea.
As with any tea, you want to brew the tea first, using the correct-temperature hot water and proper steeping time. The only difference with iced tea is that it’s important to add double the amount of tea to strengthen the tea flavor. Once you add ice, the tea is going to dilute.
With green and white tea, the leaves are delicate and, therefore, boiling water will singe them. It’s best to heat the water to 175°F and steep for 2 1/2 minutes.
With black tea, use boiling water and steep for up to 5 minutes. You don’t want to leave the tea for too long or it will become bitter.
Once the tea is done steeping, pour over ice and it is ready.
If you’re making a cup for just yourself, use 2 teaspoons of tea.
Making iced tea for a crowd? Pitcher sizes vary, but generally one cup of loose-leaf tea for a large pitcher will be sufficient. Make the tea in a large pot, sweeten to taste and pour over ice when ready.
Add Flavor To Iced Tea Drinks
Sencha Green Tea with Rose Petals and Cherry
This combination is naturally sweet, so no sugar is needed. Simply add some dried cherries and rose petals to sencha tea (a Japanese green tea). You receive great metabolism-boosting benefits from the green tea as well as antioxidants and vitamins.
Orange, Apple, Hibiscus Tea Cooler
Another unique, refreshing blend that is surprising in its depth and flavor is orange peel, apple peel, hibiscus and rosehip. They come together to create a caffeine-free fruit combination that’s perfect for kids and adults alike. It does have a hint of tartness to it, so add a bit of honey or agave to give it a slightly sweet taste. This tea is also packed with vitamins, especially vitamin C, which rosehip and hibiscus are rich in. It can be added, as well, to summer coolers and even sangria. Pour it into Popsicle molds to create a refreshing treat.
Traditional Iced Tea with Mango
If you’re looking for something more traditional, try organic black tea with some dried mango. The mango infuses the black tea with a fruity flavor.
- 3 cups mixed berries
- 2 tablespoons honey
- 1 orange, cut into small wedges
- 1/4 cup brandy
- 1/4 cup triple sec
- 750 ml cold Rose’ wine, chilled
- 1 cup orange juice, chilled
- 1 cup pineapple juice, chilled
- Fresh pineapple chunks for garnish
Gently mix berries with the honey and let sit to macerate about 20 minutes. Just enough to be slightly softened. Pour into a large pitcher.
Add brandy, triple sec, juices and chilled wine. Stir and chill. Top with ice cubes.and serve in wine glasses. Garnish with fruit.
- 8 cups water
- 4 medium cucumbers, peeled, seeded and coarsely chopped
- 1/2 bunch fresh mint
- 1 1/2 cups agave syrup, honey or natural sugar
- 1 cup lime juice
- 1 (750 ml) bottle light (white) rum
- 2 cups sparkling water or lemon-lime soda
- Crushed ice
- 1 medium medium cucumber, cut into thin rounds for garnish
- Fresh mint
- Lime wedges
Combine water, cucumbers, mint, agave syrup and lime juice in a blender and pulse until smooth. Strain through a fine mesh sieve; discard solids.
Combine cucumber mixture and rum in a large pitcher. Stir well. Refrigerate up to 4 hours.
Fill glasses with crushed ice. Fill each glass halfway with cucumber mixture and top with sparkling water or soda. Garnish with a slice of cucumber, sprig of mint and a lime wedge.
For a kid-friendly alternative: make a double batch of cucumber mixture (one for adults; one for kids), omitting the rum in half of the mixture. Top with lemon-lime soda.
- 2 cups water
- 2 cups sugar
- 2 cups water
- 2 cups freshly squeezed lemon juice
- 1 cup freshly squeezed lime juice
- 4 cups ice cubes
- 2 cups diced watermelon
- 1/2 cup sliced strawberries
- 1 orange, sliced into rounds
- 1 lemon, sliced into rounds
- 1 lime, sliced into rounds
To make sugar syrup:
Combine the water and sugar in a medium saucepan. Turn the heat to medium-high and boil for 10 minutes. Place the sugar syrup in the freezer or refrigerator while you do the rest of the preparation.
To serve the lemonade:
Mix the chilled sugar syrup, water, lemon juice and lime juice in a big bowl or pitcher. Add the ice cubes, diced watermelon and other fruit. Stir well and chill until icy cold.
With gardens and markets overflowing with ripe fruits and veggies, summer is the easiest season to eat healthfully. These recipes will let you enjoy summer’s bounty and feel good — all season long.
Green Goddess Dip with Crudites
- 1/2 of an avocado, seeded and peeled
- 1/4 cup lightly packed fresh Italian (flat-leaf) parsley leaves
- 1/4 cup lightly packed fresh tarragon leaves
- 1/4 cup snipped fresh chives
- 1/4 cup reduced-fat mayonnaise
- 1/4 cup light sour cream
- 3 oil-packed anchovy fillets, blotted dry with a paper towel
- 1 1/2 tablespoons tarragon vinegar or other white wine vinegar
- 1 tablespoon fat-free milk
- 1 teaspoon finely shredded lemon peel
- 1/2 teaspoon black pepper
- 6 cups assorted vegetable pieces for dipping (such as cucumber, celery, carrots, radishes, sugar snap peas, mini sweet peppers, fennel, endive, blanched green beans and/or broccoli)
In a food processor combine avocado, parsley, tarragon, chives, mayonnaise, sour cream, anchovies, vinegar, milk. lemon peel and black pepper. Cover and process until smooth, scraping down sides of the bowl, if needed.
Transfer dressing to a serving bowl; cover and chill at least 30 minutes or up to 2 days. Serve with assorted vegetable pieces for dipping.
Grilled Sherry-Garlic Shrimp
- 24 fresh large shrimp in the shells (about 1 1/4 pounds)
- 1/3 cup dry sherry
- 2 tablespoons finely snipped fresh Italian (flat-leaf) parsley
- 1 tablespoon minced garlic (6 cloves)
- 1 teaspoon smoked paprika
- 1/2 teaspoon crushed red pepper
- 1/4 teaspoon salt
- 1 lemon, quartered
- Nonstick cooking spray
- 2 tablespoons unsalted butter, melted
For the marinade:
In a large bowl whisk together sherry, parsley, garlic, smoked paprika, crushed red pepper and salt, whisking until salt is dissolved. Set aside.
To butterfly the shrimp in shells:
Using small kitchen shears and starting at the head, cut through the shell along the entire backside of each shrimp (do not remove the shell). Remove and discard the vein. Using a sharp paring knife, make a deep cut from head to tail, being careful not to cut all the way through the meat. Rinse; pat dry with paper towels.
Add shrimp to the marinade and, using your hands, gently lift and toss the shrimp to work the marinade into the openings, being careful to keep shells intact. Cover and marinate in the refrigerator 1 to 3 hours. Drain shrimp; discarding marinade.
Heat a gas or charcoal grill. Grill shrimp and lemon pieces on the grates directly over medium-high heat, covered, 3 to 5 minutes or until shrimp are opaque and lemon pieces are lightly charred, turning once.
Transfer shrimp and lemon pieces to a large serving bowl. Drizzle with melted butter; toss to coat. Serve immediately.
Oven-Fried Dill Pickles
- Nonstick cooking spray
- 2 tablespoons low-fat buttermilk
- 1 egg
- 30 crinkle-cut dill pickle slices (about 1 cup), rinsed, drained and patted dry
- 1/2 cup panko (Japanese-style bread crumbs)
- 1 tablespoon yellow cornmeal
- 1/2 teaspoon paprika
- 1/2 teaspoon black pepper
- 1/4 teaspoon garlic powder
Preheat oven to 450 degrees F. Coat a baking sheet with cooking spray; set aside.
In a small bowl whisk together buttermilk and egg. Add drained pickles, stirring to coat evenly.
In a food processor combine panko, cornmeal, paprika, pepper and garlic powder; cover and process about 20 seconds or until evenly fine crumb forms. Transfer mixture to a shallow dish.
Working in batches, add a few buttermilk-coated pickles to the panko mixture, stirring with a fork to coat. Shake off excess crumbs. Arrange pickles in a single layer on the prepared baking sheet.
Lightly coat tops of pickles with cooking spray. Bake 10 minutes. Using a spatula, turn pickles over. Bake 8 to 10 minutes more or until browned and crisp. Serve immediately.
Smoked Tuna Bites
- 3 ounces reduced-fat cream cheese (Neufchatel), softened
- 1/4 cup finely chopped red onion
- 1 tablespoon snipped fresh chives
- 2 teaspoons olive oil
- 1 teaspoon seafood seasoning (Old Bay)
- 1/2 teaspoon Worcestershire sauce
- 1/2 teaspoon liquid smoke
- 5 ounce can or pouch chunk white tuna, drained
- 2 tablespoons diced pimiento, drained
- 24 thin water crackers
- 1/2 of an English cucumber (about 8 ounces), cut into 24 slices, each about 1/8 inch thick
- Snipped fresh chives for garnish
In a medium bowl stir together cream cheese, onion, 1 tablespoon chives, the oil, Old Bay seasoning, Worcestershire sauce and liquid smoke until creamy. Flake tuna with a fork.
Add tuna and the pimiento to the cream cheese mixture; stir until well mixed. Cover and chill at least 1 hour or up to 24 hours.
Spread 1/2 teaspoon of the tuna mixture on each cracker. Top each with a cucumber slice and another 1 1/2 teaspoons of the tuna mixture. Sprinkle with chives.
- 1 large eggplant, peeled or unpeeled (your choice)
- Dried Italian seasoning
- 1 large tomato, seeded and chopped
- 1 clove garlic, minced
- Extra-virgin olive oil for brushing on eggplant slices, plus 2 teaspoons for the bruschetta
- 2 tablespoons chopped fresh basil
- 1 teaspoon salt
- Parmesan cheese
- 16 slices toasted Italian bread
Slice eggplant in thin circles, brush lightly with olive oil and sprinkle with the salt and Italian seasoning.
Bake them on a greased baking sheet at 350 degrees F for 20 minutes. Allow to cool.
Finely dice the eggplant and combine with the 2 teaspoons of olive oil, garlic, tomato and basil.
Spread on toasted baguette slices and sprinkle with Parmesan cheese. Arrange on a platter and serve.
- 10 Fruity and Fab Cocktails for July 4th (thequeenofstyle.com)
- Summer Cocktail Ideas (lilylanehome.wordpress.com)
- Hibiscus Berry & Rosemary Tea! (healthyhohme.wordpress.com)
California’s Mediterranean climate is similar to Italy’s, so the Italian immigrants felt at home and were able to bring their food and culture to this new land. The California soil was ideal for planting crops Italians were used to growing, such as eggplant, artichokes, broccoli and Sicilian lemons. Italians also brought with them a love of wine as well as a history of making it.
Nearly 200 members of the Sacramento Italian Cultural Society and the Folsom Historical Society attended the opening reception for the exhibit “Nostra Storia” on January 28, 2000. This is a unique story about that wave of people from Italy, primarily from the area around Genoa in the region of Liguria, who settled in the foothills of the Mother Lode region (Sierra Nevada Mountains) of Northern California in the Mid-19th century. This is the first time that an exhibit has been created to tell the story of these enterprising people who contributed so much to the economic and cultural fabric of California. The history of the Italian Americans is often relegated to the margins of American history despite the fact that the Italians are the 4th largest ancestry group in America with more than 25 million Americans and two million Californians of Italian descent (based on the 2000 Census).This exhibit is part of the determination of this current generation of Italians, to see that the Italian immigrant story is told and included in the history of the nation.
California’s gold country has been profoundly influenced by Italian culture for the last 160 years. Immigrants from Italy’s northern provinces were drawn here by the lure of gold, but it was the allure of the California foothills where they found the terrain and climate similar to that of Italy, that convinced them to stay. California’s fledgling economy provided unparalleled opportunities for Italian businessmen and unclaimed land was available for agriculturalists. Settlement soon brought women and children and, within a decade, Italians represented a significant portion of the population in the region, numbering among the gold country’s leading farmers, merchants and tradesmen. The Mother Lode also offered women unique advantages and Italian women proved wonderfully resourceful when necessity demanded. The 1870s saw a second wave of immigration, as Italian laborers arrived to work in the large, corporate-owned gold mines. Descendents of many of these Italian pioneers remain in the gold country to this day.
Across the state, the Italians also settled on the farmlands and played a prominent role in developing today’s fruit, vegetable and dairy industries. By the 1880’s, Italians dominated the fruit and vegetable industry in the great Central Valley of California. Italian immigrants also left their mark on the California food processing industry. Marco Fontana arrived in the United States in 1859 and along with another Ligurian, Antonio Cerruti, established a chain of canneries under the “Del Monte” label. Most of their workers were Italian and their cannery soon became the largest in the world.
One of the most inspiring of California’s Italians was Amadeo Pietro Giannini, who was born in 1870 to immigrant Italian parents from Genoa. He started the first statewide system of branch banks in the nation by opening branches of his Bank of Italy in the Italian neighborhoods across the state. He later changed the name of his bank to Bank of America, which became the largest bank in the world.
The California wine industry also owes much to the Italian founders of the industry. Italians have been planting vineyards and making wine in America since the early colonial days when Filippo Mazzei, planted vineyards with Thomas Jefferson. The founding of the Italian Swiss Colony at Asti in 1881 as a cooperative of Italian immigrants from the wine growing regions of Italy, promoted the widespread participation and success of the Italians in the California wine industry and the vineyards in Napa and Sonoma.
Oakland, the other city by the bay, was a magnet for Italian immigrants in the early decades of the 20th century. Some relocated from San Francisco after the devastating 1906 earthquake and fire; many more came to Oakland predominantly from Italy’s northern regions. As they established new roots and adopted new ways, they congregated largely in north Oakland’s bustling Temescal neighborhood and these Italian Americans nurtured their old country customs and traditions for generations–giving us a rare glimpse of bygone days.
Los Angeles’, “Little Italy”, presents a history of the city’s vibrant Italian enclave during the 100-year period following the arrival of the city’s first Italian pioneers in 1827. While Los Angeles possesses the nation’s fifth-largest Italian population today, little is known about its Italian history which has been examined by only a handful of historians over the past 50 years. Much of LA’s historic Little Italy has been masked by subsequent ethnic settlements, however, the community’s memory lives on. From pioneer agriculturalists and winemakers to philanthropists and entertainment personalities, Italian Americans left a lasting impression on the city’s social, economic and cultural fabric and contributed to Los Angeles’ development as one of the world’s major metropolises.
While the downtown cluster (St. Peter’s Italian Church, Casa Italiana and the Italian Hall) may loosely be construed a Little Italy, San Pedro today represents one of the few visible local nuclei of Italians. This clustering on the Los Angeles landscape has arisen for a unique reason. Until recently, San Pedro was geographically and occupationally compact due to its function as Los Angeles’ port and due to what was, formerly, a significant fishing industry. San Pedro Italians came from two Italian island fishing communities: Ischia and Sicily. Although they arrived with the migrations of the early 20th. century (the Sicilians later), the independent nature of this group’s trade and the relative geographic compactness of San Pedro, fostered the preservation of ethnic loyalty.
Attracted by the mild climate and abundance of fertile land, Italians came to the Santa Clara Valley from all regions of Italy. Beginning in the 1880s, Italian men, women and children filled the numerous canneries and packing houses, supplying the rest of the nation with fresh produce. Once the largest ethnic group in the valley, the Italians’ impact on the region has been profound. Here are some of their stories:
Rodolfo Mussi was born in Bridgeville, Pennsylvania in 1914 to an Italian immigrant father, who worked in the coalmines. Rodolfo’s mother died at a young age forcing the family to return to Italy. The village of Riccione in Northern Italy did not offer much hope to young Rodolfo, who at age sixteen returned with his father’s permission to the United States. His father let him leave Italy on one condition: that he head to California not Pennsylvania. At sixteen with little money, no family or friends or command of the English language, Rodolfo went to work in the mud baths in Calistoga. He later moved to Stockton and went to work on a farm. He noticed a plot of land that was not being farmed and inquired about the property. He had no money to purchase the land or equipment to farm it, but his determination impressed the landowner, Mr. Lucas, who leased the land to Mussi. After thirty years, Mussi secured a twenty-five year lease and his sons still lease and farm the same land today
Joseph Solari II’s great grandfather arrived in Stockton in 1877 and his family was among the first to grow cherries in the area. Four generations of the Solari family farmed in Stockton and their products are sold around the country through the California Fruit Exchange, founded in 1901. The cherries and plums are packed on the Solari Ranch and then sent to the east coast. The Solari family was also involved with the founding of two additional organizations: the San Joaquin Marketing Association (1922) and the San Joaquin Cherry Growers (1935).
In addition to cherries, Stockton was also known for its tomatoes. Two families cornered the market for quality tomatoes and tomato products. The Cortopassi family business began in 1942 with fresh-packed canned tomato products. Today, their products are available only through food service distributors in the United States and Canada. George Lagorio began farming in 1945 on thirty acres. Today the Lagorio family farms over 10,000 acres. The ACE Tomato Company founded in 1968 ships worldwide today. Their Specialty Products include olive oil, walnuts, cherries and wine grapes. George’s daughter, Kathleen Lagorio Janssen and her husband Dean expanded the family business a few years ago with the purchase of olive orchards. Now the company also produces extra virgin olive oil.
Italian immigrants to San Jose, located south of San Francisco in the Silicon Valley, came from many Italian regions, but a majority of them arrived from villages in southern Italy and Sicily. There were two primary Italian neighborhoods in San Jose, as its population grew in the early to mid twentieth century. The Goosetown neighborhood included Auzarias Avenue and North 1st. Street. This neighborhood bordered Willow Glen, where many Italian Americans still reside. The second neighborhood was around North 13th. Street and it included Holy Cross Church and Backesto Park. One Italian immigrant who eventually made his home in San Jose was Mario Marchese, who was born in 1878 in Palermo Sicily. He left home for New York in 1903 with other family members and, when he arrived in NY, he took a job moving furniture. In 1907 he married his boss’s daughter, Domenica Pavia. Shortly after the birth of their first child, they took the train west to California in search of a better opportunity. Mario and Domenica had ten children and lived in the Italian neighborhood known as Goosetown. Mario initially worked as a prune picker and was eventually hired by Navelete’s Nursery to oversee the orchards.
Brothers Andrea and Stefano D’Arrigo were born in Messina, Sicily and emigrated to the U.S. in 1904 and 1911 respectfully. They eventually settled in Boston, went to college and fought for the U.S. in World War I. They started D’Arrigo Bros. Co. of Massachusetts in 1923. Stefano travelled to California in 1925 on a wine grape buying trip. He observed the fertile farmland in San Jose and, soon after, D’Arrigo Bros. Co. of California was launched and they were growing vegetables in San Jose. The broccoli seeds arrived from Italy and were planted over twenty-eight acres, making them the first to introduce broccoli to the public under their brand, Andy Boy, trademarked in 1927. They remain one of the largest fresh produce growers in the country and the company is still family run.
The Bisceglia Brother’s Canning Company employed many Italian immigrant women and was located on South First Street close to the Goosetown neighborhood. They earned less pay than the men but worked less hours. The women worked on the assembly line peeling, cutting, pitting and slicing by hand. By the 1930s and 1940s women were promoted to supervisors, better known to the employees as floor ladies. These women supervised thirty-five to forty-five women on the production line and they typically supervised their own ethnic group.
More than most people realize, the Italian Americans helped to shape the cultural landscape of California and the modern West. The enterprise and success of these Italian pioneers is a unique legacy – one shared by all of us.
(Sources: We Are California: Stories of Immigration and Change A California Stories Project of the California Council for the Humanities. www.weareca.org The California Italian American Project is designed to make available to students and researchers basic information and resources about California’s original Italian communities.)
California is where pizza became “boutique” food, starting in the 1980s, as part of a larger attraction to the Mediterranean cuisine. Alice Waters put a wood-burning oven into her café at Chéz Panisse and Wolfgang Puck became famous by feeding Hollywood stars $100 caviar pies. Puck’s pizza man, Ed LaDou, went on to found the California Pizza Kitchen chain. The chain is widely known for its innovative and non traditional pizzas, such as the “Original BBQ Chicken Pizza”, BLT, Thai Chicken and Jamaican Jerk Chicken pizzas. They also serve various kinds of pasta, salads, soups, sandwiches and desserts. The chain has over 230 locations in 32 US states and eleven other countries, including 26 California Pizza Kitchen ASAP kiosks designed to serve passengers at airports and shopping malls. The company licensed its name to Kraft Foods to distribute a line of premium frozen pizzas in 2000 and Nestlé purchased Kraft’s pizza lines in 2010.
Italian Recipes That Make Use of California’s Bounties
Sweet Pepper Martini
Makes 2 Drinks
Giuseppe Luigi Mezzetta, founder of G. L. Mezzetta, immigrated to America from Italy to start a new life. He eventually saved enough money to bring his new wife, Columba, to California where their son, Daniel, was born in 1918. Giuseppe continued to work hard and was soon able to earn a better wage as a janitor for two large import/export firms. In 1935, father and son decided to open a small storefront business and the new company began importing Italian peppers, olives and other staples of the Mediterranean table.
- 1/4 cup Mezzetta Roasted Bell Pepper Strips, finely chopped
- 4 tablespoons fresh squeezed orange juice
- 1/4 cup simple syrup or agave syrup
- 2 strawberries, thinly sliced
- 2 basil leaves, cut into strips
- 1 dash hot sauce
- 1/4 teaspoon ground black pepper
- 1/2 cup vodka or gin
- 4 Mezzetta Sweet Cherry Peppers, to garnish
In a mixing glass or cocktail shaker add and mix all of the ingredients except the vodka. Fill the skaker with ice and add the vodka. Shake vigorously.
Strain the drink, using a fine mesh strainer, and pour into two martini glasses. Garnish with sweet cherry peppers.
(Note: to prepare simple syrup, combine equal parts sugar and water. Boil until the sugar has dissolved. Cool the syrup before using.)
Pesto Arancini Stuffed with Mozzarella
During his 25 years as a chef/restaurateur, Michael Chiarello has been acknowledged by the Culinary Institute of America, IACP, Food & Wine Magazine and many more for his success as both a Chef and restaurant professional. He has developed over 10 restaurants, including his hugely popular Bottega Restaurant in Yountville, California (Napa Valley), his new Spanish restaurant Coqueta on Pier 5 in San Francisco and his first in California, Tra Vigne, of which he was executive chef/partner until 2000. He is a graduate of the Culinary Institute of America, Hyde Park, NY.
I visited Michael Chiarello’s restaurant, Bottega, two years ago when I was in California, and the food was outstanding. Restaurants don’t come any better than this one.
Recipe from Bottega by Michael Chiarello (Chronicle Books, 2010)
Makes 16 arancini; serves 4
Arancini, or rice-balls filled with a melting cheese, are for leftover-risotto days. I never make the rice from scratch when I’m making arancini at home. If you don’t have leftover risotto, you can make these balls from cooked Arborio rice but be sure to add a teaspoon or two of salt while the rice cooks. (Honestly, you’re better off making a big pot of risotto and then making arancini the next day.)
Arancini always remind me of my friend Mariano Orlando. He always made arancini the Sicilian way, his rice balls the size of oranges. We talked once about arancini and he kept saying in Italian, “telephone wire,” making a motion with his hands as if to stretch a length of cord. “What are you saying?” I asked him. “Why are you talking about telephone wire?” The cheese, Mariano said, should stretch like a telephone wire when you take a bite from a perfect arancini and pull it away from your lips.
Our arancini don’t have that same telephone wire of cheese; we use a little less cheese in the middle and a lot more cheese in the risotto. You can add more cheese to the middle if you want to go for the telefono filo effect. If you want to make these a few hours ahead, pour panko crumbs into a baking dish and rest the arancini on the panko before covering the dish in plastic wrap and refrigerating.
- 3 cups leftover risotto or cooked Arborio rice, cooled
- 1 1/2 cups Blanched Basil Pesto, double recipe below
- 4 ounces fresh mozzarella, preferably bocconcini
- Peanut oil, corn oil, or canola oil for frying
- 2 cups all-purpose flour
- 3 large eggs, lightly beaten
- 2 cups panko (Japanese bread crumbs)
Line a platter with parchment paper. In a large bowl, stir the risotto and pesto together until blended. Divide the rice into 16 more-or-less-equal portions.
Cut off about 1/2 teaspoon of mozzarella and then with your hands ball up one serving of rice around the cheese so it’s completely encased in rice. Gently place on the prepared platter. Repeat to form 16 arancini. Slide the platter into the freezer for 30 minutes to allow the balls to firm up.
Before you take the rice balls from the freezer, set up your dredging station. Pour the flour into a shallow bowl; the eggs into another shallow bowl; and the panko into a third shallow bowl.
In a large, heavy pot or Dutch oven, heat 3 inches oil over medium-high heat until it registers 375°F on a deep-fat thermometer. While the oil heats, dredge each rice ball in flour and lightly shake off the excess. Dip in the egg and then in the panko. Gently drop 4 to 6 balls into the oil and cook until lightly browned, 60 to 90 seconds. Don’t overcook them or the cheese will leak out into your oil. Using a slotted spoon or wire skimmer, transfer to paper towels to drain. Repeat to cook the remaining arancini. Serve at once.
Makes about 1 cup
Powdered vitamin C- also called ascorbic acid-is my secret for keeping pesto a fresh, appetizing green. The herbs go in boiling water and then straight into an ice bath, so I like to use a large sieve or colander to transfer all the herbs in one smooth move.
- 3 cups lightly packed fresh basil leaves
- 1 cup lightly packed fresh flat-leaf parsley leaves
- 1/2 cup olive oil
- 1 tablespoon pine nuts, toasted
- 1 teaspoon minced garlic
- 1/2 teaspoon fine salt, preferably ground sea or gray salt
- 1/4 teaspoon freshly ground black pepper
- 1/8 teaspoon powdered ascorbic acid
- 1 cup freshly grated Parmesan cheese
Set up a large bowl of ice water. Bring a large saucepan of water to a boil. Place the basil and parsley leaves in a sieve or colander that fits inside the pan. Lower the sieve full of herbs into the boiling water, and use a spoon to push the leaves under so the herbs cook evenly. Blanch for 15 seconds, and then transfer the sieve to the ice bath to stop the cooking process. Let the herbs cool in the ice bath for 10 seconds. Remove the sieve, let drain, and then squeeze any water that you can from the herbs. Transfer to a cutting board and coarsely chop.
In a blender, puree the herbs with the oil, pine nuts, garlic, salt, pepper, and ascorbic acid until well blended and somewhat smooth. Add the cheese and whir for a second or two to mix. Transfer the pesto to a bowl; taste and adjust the seasoning.
Press plastic wrap directly top of the pesto to keep it from turning brown and store in the refrigerator for up to 1 week, or freeze it for up to 1 month.
Chef’s Note: Toast pine nuts in a small dry skillet over low heat, shaking the pan frequently. Heat for just a minute or two; as soon as you smell the fragrance of the pine nuts, slide the nuts out of the pan and onto a plate so they don’t burn.
Chicken in Tomato & Olive Braise
Chef David Katz, owner of Panevino, and faculty member at the Culinary Institute of America created this recipe to specifically pair with Mirassou wine. Chef Katz has spent nine years in the Napa Valley as a working chef and instructor at CIA Greystone focusing on the business of cooking and on food and wine education.
- 6 chicken thighs, 5-6 ounces each
- 2 teaspoons kosher salt, more to taste
- Freshly ground black pepper to taste
- 2 tablespoons olive oil
- 3 cloves garlic, sliced about 1/8th inch thick
- 1 medium yellow onion, thinly sliced
- 1 pinch hot pepper flakes, or to taste
- 1/2 teaspoon ground fennel seed
- 1/4 cup Mirassou Pinot Noir
- 1 large can (1 pound 12 ounces) excellent quality diced tomatoes in juice
- 2 teaspoons brine-packed capers, rinsed
- 1 cup whole pitted green olives, rinsed
- 1 ounce Parmigiano Reggiano cheese, shaved with a vegetable peeler
- 1 loose cup whole parsley leaves, plucked from the stem
Preheat an oven to 325 degrees F. Select a 3 to 4 quart oven-safe baking dish, and set it aside. Heat a large, heavy skillet over a medium-high burner. While the pan is heating, season the chicken with the salt and freshly ground black pepper. Add the olive oil to the skillet, allow it to heat through, then add the chicken pieces skin-side down. Cook until crisp and golden, about 5 minutes, then turn and brown equally on the other side, about 4 minutes. Remove the chicken to a plate.
Pour off all but about 2 tablespoons of the fat from the skillet, and return it to the stovetop over medium heat. Add the garlic and onion, and stir often for 3 minutes, or until it smells sweet. Stir in the pepper flakes and fennel. Deglaze with the wine, stirring against the bottom of the pan with a wooden spoon to release the browned juices. Add the tomatoes, capers and olives, and bring the skillet to a simmer. Cook for five minutes, stirring occasionally. Adjust the seasoning to taste, then pour the tomato mixture into the oven-safe baking dish. Arrange the chicken pieces over the tomato mixture, skin-side up, and sprinkle the shaved cheese over the chicken. Place the baking dish on the center rack of the oven and cook for 10 minutes, or until a thermometer reads 160 degrees in the center of the largest piece of chicken.
Garnish the dish with parsley leaves and a drizzle of extra virgin olive oil. Serve with soft polenta or your favorite short pasta and a crisp green salad.
Makes 6 to 8 servings.
“Padella” is Italian for skillet, as “paella” is in Spanish.
- Extra-virgin olive oil
- 1 teaspoon oregano
- 2 peppercorns
- 1 clove garlic
- 1-1/2 teaspoons salt
- 1 teaspoon vinegar
- 8 boneless, skinless chicken breasts
- 8 boneless, skinless chicken thighs
- 1/2 pound Italian sausage
- 1/4 pound sliced ham
- 1/4 pound salt pork
- 1 onion, chopped
- 1 green or red bell pepper, chopped
- 1 teaspoon capers
- 1/2 teaspoon coriander
- 2 cups long-grain rice
- 3 tablespoons tomato sauce
- 1-1/2 pounds medium shrimp, shelled and deveined
- 1-1/2 pounds squid, cleaned and sliced
- 4 cups chicken broth
- 1 teaspoon saffron
- 2 cups cooked peas
- 24 mussels, scrubbed
- 24 clams, scrubbed
- 8 large prawns, shelled, deveined and cooked
- 2 tablespoons pimientos
Combine 2 tablespoons oil, oregano, peppercorns, garlic, salt and vinegar; mix with mortar and pestle to make a paste. Rub chicken with oregano paste.
Heat 1/2 cup oil in large skillet over medium heat. Add chicken; brown. Add sausage, ham, salt pork, onion, green pepper, capers and coriander. Reduce heat to low; cook 10 minutes.
Add rice and tomato sauce; cook 5 minutes. Add medium shrimp, squid, broth and saffron; mix well and cook, covered, until liquid is absorbed, about 20 minutes. Stir in peas.
Steam mussels and clams in water until open; add large prawns and pimientos. Transfer rice mixture to large serving platter; top with mussel mixture.
- San Francisco’s Italian Community (jovinacooksitalian.com)
- San Diego’s Italian Community (jovinacooksitalian.com)
- Milwaukee’s Little Italy (jovinacooksitalian.com)
- The Italians In Texas (jovinacooksitalian.com)
- http://jovinacooksitalian.com/2013/06/14/little-italy-new-orleans-style/Birmingham, Alabama’s “Little Italy” (jovinacooksitalian.com)
- West Virginia’s Little Italy Communities (jovinacooksitalian.com)
- Baltimore’s Little Italy (jovinacooksitalian.com)
- Western Pennsylvania’s “Little Italies” (jovinacooksitalian.com)
- Philadelphia’s Little Italy (jovinacooksitalian.com)
- Chicago’s Little Italy (jovinacooksitalian.com)
- Cleveland’s Little Italy (jovinacooksitalian.com)
- New England’s “Little Italies” (jovinacooksitalian.com)
- Italian American Neighborhoods – Boston (jovinacooksitalian.com)
- Ybor City – Florida’s Little Italy (jovinacooksitalian.com)
- Little Italy – Manhattan (jovinacooksitalian.com)
- The “Little Italies” of Michigan (jovinacooksitalian.com)
- The Hill” St. Louis’ Little Italy (jovinacooksitalian.com)
Basil is undoubtedly the most loved and popular herb in Italy. Although we tend to associate the herb with Italy and other Mediterranean countries, it actually originated in India and was brought to the Mediterranean via the spice routes in ancient times. Tulsi, as the herb is known in Hindi, means “Sacred Basil,” and some of the many varieties of the plant were incorporated into Indian cooking centuries ago. From India, basil traveled not only to Europe and Africa, but spread to other parts of Asia as well, most notably to Thailand. Today, there are at least a dozen varieties grown for culinary use.
Sweet Basil (Ocimum bacilicum) and, its close relative, basilico genovese are the only varieties used in Italian cooking. Its flavor has been described as spicy and peppery, with a hint of clove and mint – but of course this doesn’t come close to capturing its unique essence. Perhaps it’s more helpful to talk about what it pairs with best: olive oil, garlic, lemon, rosemary and thyme – and, of course, tomatoes. Basil and tomatoes seem to have been made for each other – as in the famous, insalata caprese – tomato mozzarella salad, as well as, tomato sauces. But, this herb also enhances other vegetables – such as zucchini and eggplant, to name just a few, and is widely used in many pasta dishes.
If you’re growing basil in your garden or on a window sill, cut the basil leaves, often, from the top of each stem. The leaves grow back quickly and stronger. Basil preserves well in oil and can also be frozen. It is rich in antioxidants and, some claim , it has anticancer and antiviral properties. In Italy, basil is believed to help along the after-lunch nap that millions of Italians still enjoy on hot summer afternoons.
Basil is one herb in particular that really shines when it’s fresh. Just think of a homemade marinara sauce using fresh basil — would it be the same using dried? But beyond those familiar dishes we most associate with basil (tomato sauce, pizza, meatballs, pesto), the herb can actually work wonderfully well in many more dishes, including cocktails and desserts.
Basil is my favorite herb and I grow quite a bit of it every year – at least 4 containers worth, Naturally, I cannot let it go to waste. As a result I have become very creative in using this herb in any number of ways. I also freeze it for use in winter time tomato sauces. Not quite as good as the fresh leaves, but way better than dried.
- 3 big basil leaves
- Ice Cubes
- 1/2 ounce Lemon Simple Syrup
- 3/4 ounce lime juice
- 2 ounces good Vodka
Lemon Simple Syrup:
- 4 cups water
- 2 cups sugar
- 1 cup freshly-squeezed lemon juice
Mix the basil leaves with ice in a cocktail shaker. Add lemon simple syrup, lime juice and vodka. Shake and strain into a Martini glass. Garnish with a lime slice or a basil leaf.
To make lemon simple syrup:
Combine the water and sugar in a large saucepan and heat over medium heat, stirring regularly until the sugar dissolves.
Bring the mixture to a boil and cook for one minute. Remove the saucepan from the heat and let it rest until it cools to room temperature.
Add the lemon juice and stir with a wooden spoon or disposable stirrer.
Transfer the lemon simple syrup to a sterilized glass bottle. Store the simple syrup in the refrigerator between uses.
Fresh Basil Vinaigrette
Fresh basil and a bit of garlic are whirled into a simple fresh basil vinaigrette for your next salad.
- 2 cups basil leaves (about 1 large bunch)
- 1/2 cup good-quality olive oil
- 1/4 cup white wine or champagne vinegar
- 1 small clove garlic
- Sea salt and freshly ground black pepper to taste
In a blender or food processor, whirl the basil, oil, vinegar and garlic until smooth. Add salt and pepper to taste.
Makes about 1 cup.
Corn, Tomato & Basil Salad
Use only the freshest, sweetest corn for this recipe – corn that’s so tender and sweet you can eat it raw! This salad is wonderful as a side with any grilled meal or as part of any no-cook summer dinner.
- 1 tablespoon extra-virgin olive oil
- 1 teaspoon cider vinegar or white wine vinegar
- 1/4 teaspoon salt
- 1/4 cup finely chopped red onion
- 3 ears sweet corn
- 3 medium tomatoes
- 2 sprigs basil
In a small bowl or measuring cup, mix oil, vinegar and salt. Add onion to the dressing. Set dressing aside.
Husk corn and cut off kernels. Core, seed and chop tomatoes. Cut basil into thin strips (chiffonade).
Toss corn and tomatoes with the dressing. Let marinate for a few hours at room temperature.
Sprinkle with basil and serve.
Makes 6 servings.
Chilled Summer Squash and Basil Soup
- 2 pounds mixed summer squash
- 1 onion
- 3 cloves garlic
- 2 tablespoons olive oil
- 5 cups homemade or store-bought vegetable stock
- 1 cup fresh basil leaves
- Sea salt and freshly ground black pepper, to taste
- Lemon quarters for serving
Roughly chop the squash, onion and garlic.
In a large saucepan heat oil; add squash and garlic. Cook vegetables gently to soften, partly covered, in the heated oil, stirring now and again.
Pour in 4 cups of the stock and bring to a boil. Simmer uncovered for about 10 minutes.
Add 3/4 cups of the basil leaves, then blend together with an immulsion blender until smooth with tiny flecks of basil visible. Season to taste.
Allow to cool, then chill for four hours or overnight. The soup may be a little thick, but the basil ice and lemon juice addition will thin it.
Meanwhile, place the remaining basil leaves and the remaining stock in a shallow container. Push the basil into a single layer and freeze the mixture until set.
Break the ice into cubes and add pieces of the basil ice to each serving of soup. Garnish with lemon quarters.
Orange-Basil Grilled Mahi-Mahi
- 3/4 pound filleted Mahi-Mahi, skin on (or fish of choice)
- Olive oil
- Sea salt
- 2 tablespoons olive oil
- 1 orange, zest and juice
- 1 clove garlic, crushed
- 1/2 teaspoon mustard
- 1/2 teaspoon honey
- 2 tablespoons shredded basil
- Sea salt and freshly ground black pepper
Steamed green beans, for serving
Make the sauce by combining and mixing the ingredients together. Set aside.
Oil and lightly salt the fish. Place fish on a greased grill pan, skin side up, then slide the pan under a hot broiler until the skin is blistered.
Turn the fish over with a wide spatula and spoon on some of the sauce.
Cook for a minute or two. Lift fish onto plates (or shallow bowls) and pour over the rest of the sauce.
Serve with green beans.
Tip: Take care not to overcook the fish; it must stay moist to be at its best.
Basil Stuffed Zucchini
Zucchini stuffed with tomatoes, mozzarella and basil make a fresh summer side dish. For the nicest presentation, use long, relatively skinny zucchini.
- 2 medium 2-inch-wide zucchini
- 1/2 teaspoon salt, divided
- 1/2 teaspoon freshly ground pepper, divided
- 1 tablespoon extra-virgin olive oil
- 1 tablespoon white-wine vinegar
- 1 tablespoon minced shallot
- 1 cup quartered grape tomatoes
- 1/2 cup diced mozzarella cheese, preferably fresh
- 1/2 cup thinly sliced fresh basil
Trim both ends off the zucchini and cut each in half lengthwise. Cut a thin slice off the underside of each zucchini, so each half sits flat. Scoop out the pulp, leaving a 1/4-inch shell. Finely chop the pulp; set aside.
Place the zucchini halves in a microwave-safe dish. Sprinkle with 1/4 teaspoon each salt and pepper. Cover and microwave on High until tender-crisp, 3 to 4 minutes. (Alternatively, steam in a steamer basket over 1 inch of boiling water in a large skillet or pot.)
Whisk oil, vinegar, shallot and the remaining 1/4 teaspoon each salt and pepper in a medium bowl. Add tomatoes, cheese, basil and the reserved zucchini pulp; toss to combine. Divide the filling among the zucchini. Serve.
Grilled Beef Braciole with Tomato-Basil Sauce
Serves: 4 servings
For the sauce:
- 8 plum tomatoes
- 5 tablespoons olive oil
- Freshly ground black pepper
- 1/2 small red onion, finely diced
- 2 tablespoons balsamic vinegar
- 2 tablespoons finely chopped fresh basil leaves
- 1 tablespoon finely chopped parsley leaves
For the beef:
- 1 (1 1/2-pound) flank steak, pounded to 1/4-inch thickness
- Freshly ground black pepper
- 1/2 cup grated Pecorino Romano cheese
- 1/2 cup finely chopped fresh basil leaves
- 4 cloves garlic, finely chopped
- 1/4 cup olive oil
3 (8-inch) pieces butcher’s twine, soaked in cold water
Fresh basil sprigs, for garnish
Heat the grill to high and oil the grill grates.
For the sauce:
Cut the tomatoes in half, brush them with 2 tablespoons of the oil and season with salt and pepper.
Grill the tomatoes on all sides until slightly charred and soft. Remove the tomatoes from the grill, chop and place in a serving bowl.
Add the remaining 3 tablespoons of oil, onion, vinegar, basil and parsley and season with salt and pepper. Set aside while the beef cooks.
For the beef:
Place the steak on a flat surface.
Combine the cheese, basil and garlic in a small bowl. Brush the steak on the side facing up with 2 tablespoons of the oil and season with salt and pepper. Sprinkle the cheese mixture evenly over the steak, leaving a 1/2-inch border around the sides.
Starting with the long end, tightly roll the meat up like a jelly roll and tightly tie with the butcher’s twine on the ends and in the center. Brush the entire outside of the steak with the remaining oil and season with salt and pepper.
Place on the grill, seam-side up and cook until golden brown on all sides, about 10 to 12 minutes. Remove from the grill and let rest 10 minutes before slicing into 1/2-inch thick slices. Serve several slices per person topped with some of the tomato sauce. Garnish with fresh basil leaves.
Green Apple and Basil Granita
Guests will welcome this refreshing granita after a heavy meal.
- 1 (1,000-mg) tablet vitamin C (ascorbic acid)
- 4 Granny Smith apples, coarsely chopped
- 3/4 cup water
- 1/2 cup sugar
- 1 cup loosely packed basil leaves
Crush the vitamin C tablet in a large bowl with the back of a spoon. (Vitamin C will keep the basil bright and green.)
Line a sieve with a dampened triple-layer of cheesecloth and set it over the bowl with the vitamin C.
Puree apples with the water in a food processor (do not use a blender) until almost smooth, then pour into the cheesecloth lined sieve. (Do not clean processor bowl.)
Squeeze as much clear juice as possible through the cloth and discard solids remaining in the cheesecloth.
Puree basil with sugar until it is deep green, then add apple juice mixture and puree until combined.
Freeze mixture in an 8-inch square baking dish, scraping and stirring with a fork every 30 minutes, until frozen, at least 3 hours. (It will be too hard to scrape once fully frozen.)
Make ahead: Granita can be made 2 days ahead (cover once frozen). Let stand at room temperature about 10 minutes and re-scrape before serving in glass dishes.
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Memorial Day is the gateway to summer and it conjures up images of picnics, barbecues and parades. Originally the holiday was charged with deeper meaning and it was called Decoration Day – a day of remembrance for those who died in our nation’s service. There are many stories as to its actual beginnings, with over two dozen cities and towns laying claim to being the birthplace of Memorial Day. While Waterloo N.Y. was officially declared the birthplace of Memorial Day by President Lyndon Johnson in May 1966, it is not important who was the very first, what is important is that Memorial Day was established. Memorial Day is about reconciliation and about coming together to honor those who gave their lives.
Memorial Day is the time to wear poppies, fly the flag and place flowers on the graves of military personnel. Many volunteers and volunteer organizations march in patriotic parades. Frequently there is a reading of Abraham Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address. Patriotic speeches are made and declarations by The President and Heads of the Armed Services are also read. We all take time on this special day to remember the human sacrifice it has taken to establish and maintain our great country. Later in the day, time is set aside for picnics, BBQ parties and other outdoor activities.
Instead of spending money on store bought pasta salads, meat trays, fruit and dessert, save money by making these simple dishes yourself. Here is a suggested menu with beverage ideas to help you get you started.
What Drinks Go Well With BBQ?
Soda, beer and iced tea are a good start. Provide pitchers of punch or lemonade or mix up a few sensational summer cocktails. Put a twist on some old classics or try some fresh new blends to quench that thirst.
Try this Italian Cocktail Punch
- One 750-milliliter bottle Aperol or Compari (Italian Liqueurs)
- One 750-milliliter bottle Prosecco (Italian sparkling wine)
- 750 milliliters chilled seltzer
- Fruit slices, for garnish
In a pitcher combine the Aperol, the Prosecco and the seltzer. Pour into ice-filled glasses and garnish each drink with fruit.
Keeping it simple with wine:
The grill serves up such a wide range of foods that pairing them with beverages can be seen as either a challenge or the result of your imagination. Luckily, the spirit of outdoor dining—including the tendency to serve lighter beverages—simplifies the choice.
Sparkling wines beat the heat and play well with almost any grilled food. Stick with wines like Prosecco, Cava or a light California sparkling wine.
White wines are clearly suited to grilled fish and chicken and some pork recipes, even those that call for blackened preparations or spice rubs. The high acidity of a Sauvignon Blanc or a cool Sancerre (made from the same grape)—pairs perfectly with such meats. Choose a white Burgundy or Chardonnay for richer fish, like tuna, trout or salmon. Chardonnay is also the best pick for veggie burgers and sometimes regular hamburgers that have a mushroom sauce.
There’s no question that rosés are a perfect fit for casual outdoor dining. Served cool, these wines have a bit more acidity than white wines and can handle grilled flavors. Among the favorites in this category are Bandol from Provence, Tavel from the Rhône Valley and a number of rosés from California made from the Sangiovese grape.
When pork, smoked meats or shellfish are on the menu, a Pinot Noir from Oregon or the Russian River Valley or a Burgundy is best.
If you’re serving hamburgers, steaks or barbecued ribs, only the big red wines will do. Bordeaux, California Cabernet and Barolo are perfect matches, but if the meat has a spicy rub, try Zinfandel or an Australian Shiraz or Argentine Malbec.
Pimento Ricotta Spread
Serve with toasted baguette slices or flatbread and cut up vegetables.
- 1/2 teaspoon crushed red pepper
- 15 ounces fresh ricotta (1 1/2 cups)
- Kosher salt
- 2/3 cup well-chopped drained pimentos (from one 8-ounce jar)
- 3 ounces light cream cheese
In a food processor, puree the ricotta and cream cheese. Add the pimentos and crushed red pepper and pulse until the pimentos are minced. Season with salt.
Iced Mint Green Tea Punch
- 1 cup fresh mint leaves
- 6 green tea bags
- 4 tablespoons honey
- 8 cups boiling water
- 4 cups Limoncello
- Lemon slices, for garnish
Combine mint leaves, tea bags, honey and boiling water. Let steep for 5 minutes; remove tea bags. Pour into a pitcher and refrigerate until chilled.
Stir in Limoncello, ice cubes and lemon slices just before serving.
Rosemary-Skewered Artichoke Chicken
- 1/3 cup olive oil
- 2 tablespoons snipped fresh dill
- 1 tablespoon minced fresh oregano
- 2 teaspoons grated lemon peel
- 2 garlic cloves, minced
- 1/2 teaspoon salt
- 1/4 teaspoon pepper
- 1-1/2 pounds Boneless Skinless Chicken Breasts, cut into 1-inch cubes
- 6 fresh rosemary stems (18 inches)
- 1 package frozen artichoke hearts, defrosted and halved
- 2 medium yellow summer squash, cut into 1-inch slices
- 6 cherry tomatoes
In a large resealable plastic bag, combine the oil, dill, oregano, lemon peel, garlic, salt and pepper; add chicken. Seal bag and turn to coat; refrigerate for at least 2 hours.
Using a vegetable peeler, peel bark from the bottom half of each rosemary stem and make a point at each end; soak in water until ready to use.
Drain and discard marinade. On soaked rosemary stems, alternately thread the chicken, artichokes, squash and tomatoes. Position the leaf parts of the rosemary stems so that they will be on the outside of the grill cover. Pointed ends toward the back of the grill.
Using long-handled tongs, moisten a paper towel with cooking oil and lightly coat the grill rack. Place skewers on the grill.
Grill, with the cover slighly ajar, over medium heat for 10-15 minutes on each side or until chicken is no longer pink and vegetables are tender.
Grilled Marinated Flank Steak
- 2 teaspoons garlic, minced
- 1 tablespoon grated zest of a navel orange
- 1/2 cup fresh orange juice
- 2 tablespoons white wine vinegar
- 1/4 teaspoon cayenne pepper
- 1 teaspoon Dijon mustard
- 1 tablespoon fresh mint, chopped
- 1 1/2 lb flank steak, trimmed
- 2 red onions, peeled and cut into 1 inch slices
- 2 large navel oranges, peeled & sliced thin
- 8 sprigs mint — for garnish
In a shallow glass or ceramic dish, combine garlic, orange zest, juice, vinegar, pepper, mustard and chopped mint. Add steak to marinade; turn once to coat. Cover with plastic wrap and refrigerate for at least 4 hours, turning steak twice in the marinade.
Remove steak from marinade, scraping any bits of marinade clinging to meat back into the bowl. Transfer marinade to small saucepan and bring to a boil; reserve.
Lightly grease grill rack with vegetable cooking spray or oil.
Preheat charcoal grill until coals have turned a gray ashy color or preheat gas grill according to manufacturer’s suggested time on high heat.
Place steak on grill 4 inches from heat source and sear 1 1/2 minutes on each side. Brush with a little reserved marinade and continue cooking, covered (with lid down or tented with foil on a charcoal grill), for approximately 4 minutes, brushing frequently with marinade.
Place onion slices on the grill and baste with some of the marinade. Cook until lightly brown about 3 minutes on each side.
Transfer to a carving board, tent with foil, and let rest for 7 minutes before slicing.
Arrange orange slices and onion slices in overlapping pattern around the outside of the platter.
Slice steak diagonally across the grain into very thin slices. Arrange down the center of the platter and garnish with mint.
Grilled Peach Salad with Pecans
- 4 large peaches
- 4 tablespoons olive oil
- 1 lemon, juiced
- 2 tablespoons raspberry flavored vinegar
- Kosher salt to taste
- Freshly ground pepper to taste
- 1 teaspoon unsalted butter
- 1/2 cup pecans, chopped
- 1 tablespoon sugar
- 1 pinch cayenne pepper
- 2 heads romaine lettuce
Preheat grill or a grill pan over medium-high heat and spray with nonstick cooking spray.
Cut peaches into six slices each; discard pits. Cook peach slices until grill marks appear (no need to completely cook peaches). Remove from grill and let cool at room temperature.
In a small bowl, whisk together olive oil, lemon juice, vinegar, salt and pepper to taste. Set aside.
Heat a medium-sized pan over medium-high heat. Add butter, pecans, sugar and cayenne pepper. Cook while stirring constantly until sugar dissolves and turns golden brown.
Remove pan from heat and cool to room temperature.
Slice both heads of romaine into six sections. Place lettuce and peaches on a plate and top with dressing and pecans.
Green Beans and Tomatoes
- 2 pounds green string beans (or a mixture of yellow and green)
- 1/4 cup extra-virgin olive oil
- 1 large shallot, minced
- 2 tablespoons chopped basil leaves
- Salt and freshly ground pepper
- 1 pint grape tomatoes, halved
In a large pot of boiling salted water, cook the beans until just tender, about 4 minutes. Drain the beans and spread them on a large baking sheet to cool. Pat dry.
In a small bowl, whisk the olive oil with the shallots and basil and season with salt and pepper. Place the beans and tomatoes in a large bowl, add the oil mixture and toss well.
Transfer to a platter for serving. Can be made early in the day and served room temperature.
Strawberry Layer Cake
- 1 1/4 cups sliced strawberries
- 2 1/4 cups all-purpose flour
- 2 1/4 teaspoons baking powder
- 1/8 teaspoon salt
- 1 1/2 cups granulated sugar
- 1/2 cup butter, softened
- 2 large eggs
- 2 large egg whites
- 1 cup buttermilk
- 1/4 teaspoon red food coloring
- Cooking spray
- 1/3 cup (3 ounces) 1/3-less-fat cream cheese
- 1/3 cup butter, softened
- 2 tablespoons Grand Marnier (orange-flavored liqueur)
- 3 cups powdered sugar
- 12 whole strawberries
Preheat oven to 350°F. Coat 2 (8-inch) round cake pans with cooking spray.
To prepare cake:
Place sliced strawberries in a food processor and process until smooth.
Lightly spoon flour into a dry measuring cup; level with a knife.
Combine flour, baking powder and salt in a mixing bowl and whisk. Set aside.
Place granulated sugar and the 1/2 cup butter in the large bowl of an electric mixer; beat at medium speed until well blended.
Add eggs, one at a time, beating well after each addition. Beat in egg whites.
Add flour mixture and buttermilk alternately to sugar mixture, beginning and ending with flour mixture.
Add pureed strawberries and food coloring and beat just until blended.
Divide batter between the twp pans. Bake for 30 minutes or until a wooden pick inserted in the center of the cake layers comes out clean.
Cool in pans on a wire rack for 10 minutes. Remove cake from the pans and cool completely on wire racks.
To prepare frosting:
Place cream cheese, 1/3 cup butter and liqueur in a medium bowl; beat with an electric mixer at medium speed until blended. Gradually add powdered sugar and beat just until blended.
Place 1 cake layer on a plate; spread with 1/2 cup frosting. Top with remaining cake layer. Spread remaining frosting over top and sides of cake.
Cut 1 whole strawberry into thin slices, cutting to, but not through, the stem end. Fan strawberry on top of cake. Cut remaining 11 strawberries in half. Garnish the sides of the cake with the strawberry halves.
- Memorial Day Grilling Tips (everyjoe.com)
- On Memorial Day … (americanslivingfree.com)
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How is New Year’s Day Celebrated Around the World?
Celebrating New Year’s Day is one of the oldest customs around the world. Ringing church bells, tooting horns and ear-piercing shrieks echo throughout the world on this holiday. Since this festival marks the beginning of the year, New Year’s Day is thought of as a perfect time for a “clean start”, so people worldwide resolve to act better in the year just beginning than in the year just ended. Many New Year’s traditions are similar, but some are different. Here are some interesting customs, past and present, around the world.
In the United States, New Year’s Day is observed on January 1st and, for many, it is a day of recovery from the New Year’s Eve celebrations the previous night. In some towns and cities, parades are held and special football games are played. The birth of the first baby in the New Year is often celebrated with gifts to his or her parents and appearances in local newspapers and on local news shows. Many people make New Year’s resolutions. These are usually promises to themselves that they will improve something in their own lives. Common New Year’s resolutions are to stop smoking or drinking alcohol, to lose weight, exercise more or to live a healthier lifestyle.
People in China celebrate this holiday for several weeks between January 17th. and February 19th., at the time of the new moon. The Chinese called this time of feasting and celebrations Yuan Tan. Lanterns illuminate the streets as the Chinese use thousands of lanterns “to light the way” for the New Year. The Chinese believe that evil spirits roam the earth at the New Year, so they let off firecrackers to scare off the spirits and seal their windows and doors with paper to keep the evil demons out.
In Scotland, the New Year is called Hogmanay. In many of the villages barrels of tar are set afire and then rolled down the streets. This ritual symbolizes that the old year is” burned up” and the new one is allowed to enter.
In Great Britain the custom of “first footing” is practiced. The first male visitor to the house, after midnight, is supposed to bring good luck. The man brings a gift of money, bread, or coal, to ensure the family will have plenty of these in the year to come. The first person must not be blond, red-haired, or a women, as these are supposed to be bad luck.
New Year’s Day is also the Festival of Saint Basil in Greece. Children leave their shoes by the fireside on New Year’s Day with the hope that Saint Basil, who was famous for his kindness, will come and fill their shoes with gifts.
The Jewish New Year is called Rosh Hashanah. It is a holy time when Jews recall the things they have done wrong in the past and then promise to do better in the future. Special services are held in the synagogues, children are given new clothes and bread loaves are baked to remind people of harvest time.
The Indian New Year’s Day begins with a festival of lights called Diwali. Cards and gifts are exchanged and people finish off any uncompleted work.
Iran’s New Year’s Day, which is in March, celebrates not only the beginning of the new year according to the solar calendar, but also bahar, “the beginning of spring.”
On New Year’s Day in Japan, everyone gets dressed in their new clothes and homes are decorated with pine branches and bamboo–symbols of long life.
The French New Year is “Jour des Etrennes”, or Day of New Year’s Presents. Dinner parties are held for the entire family, where presents are exchanged.
In other European countries such as Italy, Portugal and the Netherlands, families start the New Year by first attending church services. Afterwards, they visit friends and relatives. In Italy boys and girls receive gifts of money on New Year’s Day. Some very old and popular customs in Italian history include:
Throwing pots, pans, and clothes out of the window to let go of the past and move toward the future.
Light a Christmas log before New Year’s Day to turn away evil spirits (who don’t like fire) and invite the Virgin Mary to warm the newborn Jesus.
Wearing red underwear for good luck.
It is fun to entertain your friends and family on New Year’s Day. It is a day of new beginnings, a return to normalcy after the craziness of the holidays, and it holds all of the hope and possibilities for the coming year. To make things as simple as possible, I suggest a New Year’s Day Brunch as a low stress, comfortable way to celebrate with friends and family. Plan a casual and comfortable party filled with delicious breakfast type foods, that can be prepared ahead of time and heated before serving.
The breads can be baked several days ahead or even frozen. The quiches can be baked a day ahead and reheated in a moderate oven. Depending on the number of people you are entertaining, you may need to make double the amount of quiches.The fruit salad can be made a day ahead and chilled.
Fresh Fruit Salad
Zucchini, Tomato, and Swiss Cheese Pie
Mushroom Bacon Potato Crust Quiche
Banana-Chocolate Chip Muffins
Maple Nut Scones
Pot of Coffee
Serves: 6 servings
- 6 limes, juiced
- 1 tablespoon celery seeds
- 3 tablespoons grated fresh or prepared horseradish
- 2 quarts tomato juice, chilled
- 2 tablespoons hot sauce
- 1 tablespoon Worcestershire sauce
- Kosher salt and freshly ground black pepper
- 1 1/2 cups vodka, chilled in the freezer
- Celery stalks, for serving
- Cucumber spears, for serving
- Handful fresh parsley stalks, for garnish
Combine the lime juice, celery seed, and horseradish in a pitcher. Stir the mixture with the end of a wooden spoon to blend and break up the celery seeds. Pour in the tomato juice, hot sauce, and Worcestershire sauce; season with salt and pepper. Stir everything together to combine.
Divide the vodka among 6 tall, chilled glasses filled with ice. Fill the glasses with the bloody mary mix and stir well. Add celery, cucumber and parsley to each glass and serve.
Fresh Fruit Salad
- 2 cantaloupe melons cut into chunks
- 1 honeydew melon cut into chunks
- 3-4 kiwi, cut into slices
- 1 bunch grapes, halved
- 2 pineapple (cut into chunks)
- 2 quarts strawberries (tops removed)
- 1/2 cup orange juice
Combine fruit in large serving bowl. Drizzle in orange juice.
Zucchini, Tomato, and Swiss Cheese Pie
- 1 tablespoon unsalted butter, room temperature
- 1/4 cup bread crumbs
- 1 tablespoon olive oil
- 1 medium onion, diced
- 2 garlic cloves, minced
- 2 medium tomatoes, seeded and diced
- 3 medium zucchini, quartered lengthwise and thinly sliced
- 1 teaspoon fennel seed
- 1/4 teaspoon salt
- Freshly ground black pepper to taste
- 3 large eggs
- 1/3 cup milk
- 1/4 pound grated Swiss or mozzarella cheese
- 3 tablespoons grated fresh Parmesan cheese
Preheat oven to 375º F. Spread the 1 tablespoon butter on the bottom and sides of a 9 inch pie plate, then sprinkle the bread crumbs all over the sides and bottom. Allow whatever loose crumbs are left to just sit on the bottom.
Heat a large skillet over medium heat. Add the olive oil and the onion. Sauté until translucent, then add the garlic and sauté for another 3 minutes.
Stir in the diced tomatoes and sauté another 5 minutes. Raise the heat to high. Mix in the zucchini, fennel seed, salt and pepper. Cook about 5 minutes more. Remove the pan from the heat and cool 5 minutes. (The recipe may be prepared in advance to this point and chilled up to 24 hours. Bring to room temperature before proceeding.)
Beat the eggs in a large bowl. Stir in the milk, then mix in the zucchini mixture. Pour half into the prepared pie plate, top with the Swiss cheese, then pour on the remaining vegetable mixture. Sprinkle the Parmesan cheese all over the top.
Bake 30 minutes, or until a knife inserted in the center comes out clean and the top is golden brown. Let sit 10 minutes before cutting.
Mushroom Bacon Potato Crust Quiche
- 1/2 cup grated onion
- 1 teaspoon salt
- 1 teaspoon dry thyme
- 1/4 cup unbleached All-Purpose Flour
- 1 1/2 pounds Idaho potatoes, peeled
- Olive oil for brushing crust
- 2 tablespoons olive oil
- 2 1/2 cups (1 large) leek, sliced, washed, and drained
- 4 cups sliced mushrooms
- Salt and pepper to taste
- 1 cup grated Fontina or Swiss cheese
- 5 large eggs
- 1/2 cup milk
- 1/4 teaspoon Worcestershire sauce
- 5-6 slices Canadian bacon or ham
Preheat oven to 450°F. Grease a 9- or 10-inch deep-dish pie pan.
Set up a strainer over a bowl.
Grate the onions into the strainer and drain for 10 minutes, pressing out the extra liquid.
When the onions are drained, transfer them to a bowl and combine them with the salt, thyme and flour.
Grate the potatoes into the strainer. Press out any extra liquid, then combine with the onion mixture, mixing to combine.
Pat the mixture into the prepared pan bottom and up the sides.
After 25 minutes, brush the potatoes with oil, then bake for 15 minutes more, until the edges are golden brown. Remove from the oven and turn the oven temperature to 350°F.
While the crust is baking, heat the olive oil in a large skillet over medium-high heat. Add the leeks and mushrooms and cook until the leeks are wilted, and the mushrooms give up their liquid. Season with salt and pepper to taste.
Cover the baked crust bottom with Canadian bacon. Spread the vegetables over the bacon and sprinkle the cheese evenly on top.
Whisk the eggs, milk and Worcestershire together, and pour slowly over the vegetables. Return the quiche to the oven and bake for another 25 to 30 minutes, until the center is set. Remove from the oven and cool for 10 minutes before slicing. Serve warm.
Banana-Chocolate Chip Muffins
- 1 2/3 cups white whole wheat flour
- 2/3 cup brown sugar
- 1 teaspoon baking powder
- 1/2 teaspoon baking soda
- 1/2 teaspoon ground cinnamon
- 1/4 teaspoon salt
- 1 cup mashed very ripe bananas (about 3 medium)
- 1/2 cup egg substitute
- 1/4 cup canola oil
- 1/4 cup fat-free (skim) milk
- 1 teaspoon vanilla
- 1/2 cup semisweet chocolate chips
Heat oven to 375°F. Spray bottoms only of 12 regular-size muffin cups with cooking spray, or line with paper baking cups.
In a large bowl, mix flour, sugar, baking powder, baking soda, cinnamon and salt.
In medium bowl, beat bananas, egg substitute, oil, milk and vanilla with a fork until smooth. Stir into flour mixture just until flour is moistened. Gently stir in chocolate chips. Divide batter evenly among muffin cups.
Bake 20 to 24 minutes or until light golden brown and toothpick inserted in center comes out clean. Immediately remove muffins from pan to cooling rack.
Makes 12 muffins
Maple Nut Scones
- 3 cups all purpose flour
- 1 teaspoon salt
- 1 tablespoon baking powder
- 1/2 teaspoon baking soda
- 1/4 cup packed brown sugar
- 1/2 teaspoon ground cinnamon
- 6 tablespoons butter, cut into small cubes
- 1/2 cup pecans or walnuts
- 1/2 cup quick cooking oats
- 1/2 cup maple syrup
- 1/2 cup milk
- 1 teaspoon vanilla extract
For the Topping
- 3 tablespoons butter, melted
- 1/4 cup maple syrup
- 1/4 cup packed brown sugar
- 1/4 cup quick cooking oats
Preheat the oven to 425 degrees F. Grease a large baking sheet or cover it with parchment paper.
In a large bowl, stir together the flour, baking powder, brown sugar, salt and cinnamon. Use a pastry knife to cut the butter into the dry ingredients until the mixture is coarse and uniform. Stir in the pecans and oats.
Form a well in the dry ingredients and pour in the syrup, milk, and extract. Stir to combine then remove to a floured counter and knead until uniform. (Do not over-knead. Too much kneading will develop the gluten in the flour and make the scone tough.)
Divide the dough into two pieces and press each into 3/4 inch thick circles. Cut each circle into six wedges and place them on the prepared baking sheet.
Mix the 1/4 cup oats and the 1/4 cup brown sugar together. Melt the 3 tablespoons of butter and brush on the scone wedges. Drizzle maple syrup over the wedges and sprinkle on the oat and brown sugar mixture. Let bake for 15 to 18 minutes or until the tops are lightly browned. Remove to a rack to cool.
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